777色色

position: EnglishChannel > Innovation China > Article

Bronze Ware Represents China's Ancient Civilization

Source: Science and Technology Daily | 2022-07-14 09:40:42 | Author: BI Weizi


Houmuwu ding is on display in National Museum of China. (PHOTO: VCG)

Edited by BI Weizi

The earliest known bronze in China is an almost 5,000-year-old bronze knife unearthed at the Majiayao cultural site in Dongxiang, Gansu province, which contains 6-10 percent tin and is thought to have been made by smelting. By the Xia Dynasty (2070-1600 BC), China had already started to use pottery mold and piece-mold castings to cast bronze wares, which developed into the Shang and Zhou periods (1600-256 BC), culminating in a large bronze ritual civilization unique to China.

Bronzes from the Shang and Zhou period in China, and those found in other civilizations around the world, mainly differ in the following ways.

First, in terms of volume, the Shang and Zhou bronzes are larger and more elaborate with sophisticated design and manufacturing process.

Second, in terms of function, most of Chinese ancient bronze artefacts are ritual forms rather than vessels and weapons made for practical use.

Finally, inscriptions on the Shang and Zhou period bronze objects, which describe reasons for casting certain vessels, as well as historical events, are of great value for historical and research purposes.

The largest and heaviest bronze ritual vessel ever unearthed in China, Houmuwu ding, along with the Four-goat Square Zun from the era of late Shang dynasty (about 1100-1000 BC) and the Da Ke ding from the Western Zhou dynasty (1046-771 BC), are typical representatives of the high-level craftsmanship and artistry of Chinese bronze casting.

Editor: 毕炜梓

Top News

  • Liu Zhongmin, academician at the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and his team from Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP), have explored a more economical and greener way of ethanol production from coal.

Pakistani Barren Region Turns Green

For the past few years, with help from Chinese specialists, green plants have spread over south Pakistan's Gwadar region, a place dominated by hot desert climate.

The Plan to Undermine BRI Set to Failure

Rebranding the previous Build Back Better World (B3W) program, the G7 nations launched the Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment (PGII) on June 26, aiming to raise 600 billion USD in funding to support infrastructure in developing and middle-income countries by 2027.